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J Res Clin Med. 2021;9(1): 33.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2021.033
  Abstract View: 73
  PDF Download: 51

Original Article

Ocular wavefront aberrations in acute central serous chorioretinopathy

Banafsheh Kharrazi Ghadim 1 ORCID logo, Nazli Taheri 2 ORCID logo, Mohammad Reza Niyousha 3* ORCID logo

1 General Ophthalmologist, Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Anterior Segment Service Assistant Professor, Ophthalmologist, Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Viteroretinal Service Assistant Professor, Ophthalmologist, Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract


Background: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a condition of choroidal and retinal pathologies that may affect vision, so we assessed vision by the ocular wavefront in the acute form of CSCR.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 21 cases (16-male, 5-female) of acute onset CSCR was referred to the retina clinic of Nikookari Eye Hospital. Visual acuity and ocular examination with and without pupillary dilation record. Central macular thickness and sub-foveal fluid height of all patients measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). All of them fulfilled binocular visual function analyzer by Tracy Technology after complete pupillary dilation. The items such as spherical equivalent, total root mean square, total lower-order aberration, total higher-order aberration, defocus, astigmatism, secondary astigmatism, coma, spherical aberration, trefoil, Strehl ratio in point spread function, the average height in the modulation transfer function, and root mean square error registered. Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE) were used to compare two groups of affected CSCR and normal contralateral eyes.
Results: The mean uncorrected distance visual acuity in the CSCR eyes is (Decimal Notation) 0.82±0.17 and in the contralateral eyes is 0.95±0.09 (P=0.002). Analysis of macular OCT data CSCR group represents: central foveal thickness 485.9±165.12 μm and mean fluid height 284.3±165.42 μm. The mentioned optical parameters of ocular wavefront aberrations do not have significantly different results in the two groups.
Conclusion: Our study showed CSCR reduced uncorrected visual acuity but it did not detect significant ocular wavefront changes in acute CSCR
Keywords: Aberrometry, Corneal Wavefront Aberration, macula, optical coherence tomography
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Submitted: 23 Jan 2021
Revision: 11 Mar 2021
Accepted: 12 Mar 2021
ePublished: 16 Oct 2021
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