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J Res Clin Med. 2021;9(1): 11.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2021.011
  Abstract View: 191
  PDF Download: 177

Original Article

Evaluation of inflammatory miRNA155 and 146a expression in heart tissue of ovalbumin-sensitized male rats

Mehdi Hassanpour 1,2,3 ORCID logo, Akbar Darbin 2, Rana Keyhanmanesh 4,5, Mahdi Ahmadi 4,5, Reza Rahbarghazi 4,6* ORCID logo

1 Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Tuberculosis and lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Department of Applied Cell Science, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma is a chronic pulmonary inflammation occurred in response to different allergens, leading to respiratory system insufficiency. The production of different inflammatory factors and enhanced immune system response may affect the function of other organs. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of inflammatory microRNAs in cardiac tissue in asthmatic rat model. Methods: In this study, the animals were allocated into Control and Asthmatic rats (n=8). To induce asthma, rats were challenged with ovalbumin. 14 days after induction of asthma, rats were euthanized and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining was performed to assess pathological changes in pulmonary tissue. Serum levels of cardiac enzymes were measured using ELISA kits. Finally, transcription level of inflammatory miRNAs, miRNA-146a and -155, were measured using real-time PCR analysis. Results: Based on our findings, histological examination indicated the existence of pathological changes in pulmonary tissue after asthma induction. Bright-field analysis revealed an existence of inflammatory response and cytotoxicity in cardiac tissue. Also, the serum levels of CpK-MB, ALT, and AST were significantly higher in the serum of asthmatic group compared to control group (p<0.05). Finally, asthmatic condition induced the expression of (2-fold) miRNA-146a and (1.5-fold)-155 in cardiac tissue, respectively. Conclusion: As a conclusion, it could be concluded that asthmatic condition induces systemic inflammation in cardiac tissue. On a more general note, we propose that therapeutical approaches directed to inflammatory pathway may be required to preserve cardiac injuries caused of asthma.
Keywords: Asthma, Cardiovascular injury, Inflammatory miRNAs
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Submitted: 29 Aug 2020
Revision: 03 Oct 2020
Accepted: 04 Oct 2020
ePublished: 15 Mar 2021
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