J Res Clin Med. 2021;9(1): 37.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2021.037
  Abstract View: 43
  PDF Download: 58

Original Article

Newborn’s body temperature regulation: a multi-method training program

Jila Mirlashari 1 ORCID logo, Faramarz Kalhor 2* ORCID logo, Zahra Gudarzi 3, Tahereh Sadeghi 4 ORCID logo

1 Women’s Health Research Institute, Department of OBGYN, University of British Columbia. Associate Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Certified NIDCAP Professional
2 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Razavi Khorasan, Iran


Introduction: Newborns’ incapability to self-regulate their body temperature exposes them torisk of many complications. Therefore, proper initiations of nursing interventions are crucial for ensuring early stabilization after birth. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a multi-method training program on knowledge and practices in neonatal nurses.

Methods: This quasi-experimental research was carried out with a pre-test–post-test and intervention-control groups design. The population consisted of 60 nurses working in the neonatal and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of two hospitals in Iran. The samples were selected using the convenience sampling technique. A researcher-made questionnaire was used. The validation and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed. The nurses received a multi-method training for two weeks. They were evaluated three months later.

Results: The mean knowledge score obtained in the pre-test was 30.33 ± 2.01, and it was47.73 ± 6.82 three months after the intervention. There was a statistically significant difference in the trend of changes in the scores of the two groups (F = 125.72, P < 0.001). The mean performance score in intervention group before the intervention was 60.63 ± 5.69 and after the intervention was 81.77 ± 6.37, indicating a significant difference in the trend of changes(F = 90.285, P < 0.001).The correlation between knowledge and practice was significant at the 0.01 level (r = 0.544,P = 0.002). The previous in-service training, individuals’ education, and thermoregulation knowledge were determined as predictors of performance (r = 0.651, P = 0.013).

Conclusion: According to the results, a multi-method training program improves the nurses’ knowledge and performance in the infants’ body temperature regulation care.

Keywords: Nurse, Education, Workshop, Newborn, Web-based training, In-service training
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Submitted: 20 Sep 2020
Revision: 17 Jan 2021
Accepted: 10 Feb 2021
ePublished: 08 Dec 2021
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