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J Res Clin Med. 2020;8(1): 23.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2020.023
  Abstract View: 73
  PDF Download: 66

Original Article

The diagnostic value of non-invasive serum liver fibrosis indices in the prediction of portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients: a cross-sectional study

Masood Faghih Dinevari 1 * ORCID logo, Mohammad Hossein Somi 1 ORCID logo, Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni 2 ORCID logo, Leila Alizadeh 1, Samaneh Abbasian 1, Ali Riazi 1, Zeinab Nikniaz 1 ORCID logo

1 Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Department of Radiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: : Masood Faghih Dinevari, Email: Masood.dinevari@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Considering that portal hypertension is principally caused by hepatic fibrosis, some studies postulated the predictive value of serum liver fibrosis indices in the diagnosis of portal hypertension. In this study we assessed the prognostic value of serum indices in the diagnosis of portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients.

Methods: One hundred two cirrhotic patients were selected according to inclusion/exclusion criteria. Cirrhosis and the Child-Pugh score was determined by the gastroenterologist. Portal hypertension was diagnosed by the radiologist using the color Doppler method. The fasting blood sample was drawn and different serum indices were determined. The following indices were calculated: FIB4, Fibroindex, APRI, FORNS, LOK.

Results: The patients mean age was 54.39±6.60 years. About 52.94% of the patients were women. The mean liver enzymes level was higher in patients with portal hypertension. In 50.98% of patients, the etiology of cirrhosis was viral hepatitis. Significant differences was observed between the two groups regarding the studied indices (P<0.05). According to the results of the ROC curve, the FORNS index was a better predictive marker of portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients. The maximum AUC (area under the curve) was for the FORNS index. According to the results of diagnostic tests, the FORNS index had adequate sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of portal hypertension with the cut-off value of 8.51.

Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the FORNS index is a better predictor of portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients.

Keywords: Cirrhotic patients, Portal hypertension, Noninvasive indices
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Submitted: 12 May 2020
Accepted: 17 May 2020
ePublished: 07 Jun 2020
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