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J Res Clin Med. 2020;8(1): 13.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2020.013
  Abstract View: 129
  PDF Download: 97

Original Article

The effect of the emergency severity index triage training on the knowledge and decision-making of the medical interns

Mona Zamanpour 1 ORCID logo, Hamideh Ebrahimibakhtavar 1 ORCID logo, Zahra Parsian 2 ORCID logo, Fariba Abdollahi 1, Farzad Rahmani 2 * ORCID logo

1 Medical Education Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Emergency Medicine Research Team, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Farzad Rahmani MD, Emergency Medicine Department, Imam Reza (AS) medical research and training hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Tel: 00984133352078, Fax: 00984133352078, Email: Rahmanif@tbzmed.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: We investigated the effect of education on the knowledge and decision-making of medical interns, based on emergency severity index (ESI) triage.

Methods: In this pre and post-interventional study, 155 medical students who were passing their internship course of the emergency ward were enrolled with convenience sampling from July 2018 to June 2019. The students were randomly classified into two groups (103 cases and 52 controls). The questionnaire was administered twice in the control group (before initiating the educational class and 1 month after completion of the educational course). In the case group, the test was conducted at three times (before the educational class, immediately after completion of classes, and one month after completion of the educational course). The data were analyzed by using t test and ANOVA.

Results: The total score of the students in the case group in the pre- and post-training stage (posttest 1) was 17.13±4.26 and 24.93±3.20 respectively, which had a significant difference (P<0.001). The total score of the students in the posttest 2 was 23.38±5.66. Statistical test showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups of the students in terms of the test in the one month after completion of the educational course (P<0.001) except for under triage (P=0.236).

Conclusion: The findings indicated that education based on ESI triage was effective on the knowledge and decision-making of medical interns. Based on the results of this research and given the importance of triage, theoretical and practical educational courses are proposed for medical students

Keywords: Triage, Emergency ward, Knowledge, Decision making
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Submitted: 09 Mar 2020
Accepted: 08 Apr 2020
ePublished: 22 Apr 2020
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