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J Res Clin Med. 2020;8(1): 30.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2020.030
  Abstract View: 31
  PDF Download: 27

Original Article

Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in the emergency department health care workers

Seyed pouya Paknezhad 1 ORCID logo, Kavous Shahsavarinia 1 ORCID logo, Hossein Samadi Kafil 1 ORCID logo, parisa nayeri 1* ORCID logo

1 Emergency Medicine Research Team, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Parisa Nayeri, MD, Emergency Medicine Research Team, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz, Iran +989148121135, Parisa_nayyeri@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: AThe aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in the health care workers of emergency department of Imam Reza hospital, Tabriz, Iran

Methods: In a total of 63 physicians and nurses in the emergency department of Imam Reza hospital, after obtaining written consent and completing a checklist, a sample of nasal mucosa was collected for microbiological examination and isolation of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) strain. Determination of resistance patterns (by diffusion method) was performed according to the standard methods of methicillin.

Results: Out of 63 participants, 8 subjects (12.7%) had colonization of S. aureus; 4 of them were physicians (17.3% of the participated physicians) and 4 were nurses (10% of the participated nurses). Out of 8 isolated SA, 2 cases (25%) and overall 3.1% were methicillin-resistant. In our study, there was a significant relationship between co-employment in other hospitals and patient care at home with SA colonization, but there was not a significant relationship with specialty, work experience, sinusitis, history of antibiotic use, history of skin disease, hand washing habits and use of personal protective equipment.

Conclusion: Prevalence of MRSA was not high among health workers of emergency department.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin resistance, Prevalence
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Submitted: 08 Jan 2020
Accepted: 20 Apr 2020
ePublished: 15 Aug 2020
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