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J Res Clin Med. 2020;8(1): 3.
doi: 10.34172/jrcm.2020.003
  Abstract View: 175
  PDF Download: 208

Original Article

Diagnostic and predictive value of white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and coagulation tests in patients with blunt head trauma

Amir Ghaffarzad 1 ORCID logo, Mahboub Pouraghaei 1 ORCID logo, Zahra Parsian 1 ORCID logo, Neda Ghilani 2 ORCID logo, Mustafa Cicek 3 ORCID logo, Farzad Salmannezhad Khorami 4 * ORCID logo

1 Emergency Medicine Research Team, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Bayburt State Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine, Bayburt, Turkey
4 Student Research Committee, Resident of Emergency Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Farzad Salmannezhad Khorami, Email: dr.farzad.salmannezhad@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Head trauma is the third leading cause of death and one of the most common causes of referral to the emergency department. Prognosis in these patients identifies individuals at higher risk and provides them with faster and more complete treatment, so it is of particular importance. The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic and predictive value of white blood cell (WBC) count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and coagulation tests in the outcome of patients with blunt head trauma.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 91 patients referred to the emergency department of Imam Reza hospital of Tabriz, with a complaint of DAI type of blunt head trauma, were enrolled in a complete and sequential study during the first six months of the year 2017. The patientswere divided into two groups according to good or poor prognosis and their association with leukocytosis status and other paraclinical factors at the baseline.

Results: The final outcome in high consciousness group was 13.3% need for intubation,26.7% need for surgery, 50% improvement without complications, and 10% mortality. In the low consciousness group, 16.7% required intubation, 20.0% required surgery, 10% had no complications, and 53.3% experienced mortality. The significance level of the chi-squaretest was 0.001. Independent t test results showed that the WBC and ESR values in the lowconsciousness group were significantly higher than the high consciousness group. But the international normalized ratio (INR) in the high consciousness group was significantly higher than the low consciousness group (P<0.05).

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between severity of injury and leukocytosis, ESRelevation, and related coagulopathy after major trauma.

Keywords: Coagulopathy, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Leukocytosis, Trauma
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Submitted: 01 Jan 2020
Accepted: 05 Feb 2020
ePublished: 29 Feb 2020
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