J Anal Res Clin Med. 2019;7(2): 52-60.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2019.010
  Abstract View: 274
  PDF Download: 212

Original Article

Prediction of suicidal ideations based on socioeconomic status and mental health among University of Tabriz students

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani 1 ORCID logo, Mahasti Alizadeh 2, Alireza Karimpour-Vazifehkhorani 3 * ORCID logo, Zahra Pahnaei 3

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of socioeconomic status and dimensions of mental health with suicidal tendency among students of the University of Tabriz, Iran. Methods: The present descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 900 students of the University of Tabriz in the academic year of 2016-2017. The study tools included the Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSSI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), and Socio-Economic Status Questionnaire (SESQ) of Ghodratnama et al. Results: Correlation results showed that depression (r = 0.514, P < 0.01), psychoticism (r = 0.478, P < 0.01), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (r = 0.463, P < 0.01), respectively, had the highest correlation with suicidal ideations. Somatization was also correlated with suicidal ideations (r = 0.231, P < 0.05). Of the components of socioeconomic status, income (r = -0.401, P < 0.01), and the economic class component (r = -0.321, P < 0.05) had the highest correlation coefficients, respectively. Results of regression analysis indicated that the mental health variable predicted suicide in merely 58.6% of people. Moreover, with the addition of the socioeconomic status variable to the equation, both variables predicted an average of 71.6% of the overall suicidal ideations among individuals. Conclusion: Results indicated that mental health difficulties and socioeconomic problems might have a negative impact on the development of suicidal thoughts. Therefore, it is highly recommended that students’ mental health and social/financial problems be taken into consideration by educational managers responsible in universities, a mission that would be included in curriculum plans.
Keywords: Mental Health, Socioeconomic Status, Suicidal Ideation, Students
First Name
Last Name
Email Address
Security code

Abstract View: 274

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

PDF Download: 212

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 05 Mar 2019
Accepted: 17 Apr 2019
ePublished: 10 Jun 2019
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)